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Important periodontal research for closing your dental year

The American Academy of Periodontology circulated a good recap of recent research about oral health and its connection to systemic health.  These points are good to know, and we share them below.

“Research has shown that there may be an association between periodontal disease and other chronic inflammatory conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes, among others. Scientists believe that inflammation may be the cause behind the link between periodontal disease and other chronic conditions. Inflammation, the body’s reaction to fight off infection, guard against injury, or shield against irritation, initially intends to have a protective effect. Untreated chronic inflammation, on the other hand, can lead to the destruction of affected tissues, which can lead to more serious health conditions.

If you think or know you have one of the inflammatory conditions listed below, it is important to talk with both your physician and a dental health professional, such as a periodontist, to help reduce your risk of further disease progression. Dental professionals and medical professionals will often work together to manage their patients living with, or at risk for, the following diseases:

  • Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading killers of men and women each year. Research has shown that inflammation is a major risk factor for developing CVD, and that people with periodontal disease may have an increased risk for CVD. Though more research is needed to better understand the connection between periodontal disease and CVD, don’t be surprised if your periodontist asks you about your heart health or if your cardiologist or physician asks you about your periodontal health.
  • Periodontal disease can be a complication of diabetes. Researchers have found that people with poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes are more likely to develop periodontal disease. However, the risk isn’t just one way; people with periodontal disease may find it more difficult to control their blood sugar levels, which can increase the risk for diabetic complications. If you are living with diabetes, it is crucial that you pay close attention to your periodontal health.
  • Studies have shown that women with periodontal disease may be at an increased risk of pregnancy complications, such as delivering a preterm or low birth weight baby. More research is needed to determine the exact relationship, but expectant mothers should consider having a periodontal evaluation to ensure that their periodontal health is at its best.
  • Research has suggested that bacteria found in the mouth can be drawn into the respiratory tract and cause an inflammatory response in the lungs, commonly known as pneumonia. In addition, periodontal disease may also worsen existing chronic lung conditions. Anyone with lung or respiratory problems should consider a complete oral health examination to determine if gum disease is present.
  • Since periodontal disease has been shown to have a connection with other chronic diseases, you should try to keep your teeth and gums healthy. First, be sure to brush your teeth at least twice each day and floss your teeth at least once each day. Additionally, you should receive a comprehensive periodontal exam each year from your general dentist or your periodontist. Doing so can help ensure that your periodontal health is at its best, which can help keep your entire body healthy.
  • According to a 2010 study by the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the prevalence of periodontal disease in the United States may have been underestimated by as much as 50 percent. This means that more Americans may have periodontal disease than previously thought, and therefore may be more susceptible to other chronic inflammatory diseases such as CVD, diabetes, and respiratory diseases. If you think you may have periodontal disease, talk to a periodontist for more information.”

© The American Academy of Periodontology.  The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) is an 8,000-member association of dental professionals specializing in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth and in the placement and maintenance of dental implants. The current membership includes periodontists and general dentists from all 50 states as well as around the world.

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This post was written by who has written 5 posts on The Practice SF Blog.

Dr. Gregory Conte, DMD, MS, is a periodontist and partner in The Practice SF. He received his dental degree from the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine and completed his Certificate in Periodontics and Masters Degree in Oral Biology from the University of California at San Francisco. Dr. Conte is a member of The American Dental Association, The American Academy of Periodontics, The Academy of Osseointegration and the California Society of Periodontists, where he served on the Board of Directors. He is a Fellow of the International Team for Oral Implantology.

2 Responses to “Important periodontal research for closing your dental year”

  1. mouthsg June 14, 2011 at 11:52 PM #

    These lasers were created by dentists, receiving extensive clinical trials before receiving Federal Drug Administration approval. This technology is set to reinvent periodontal surgery as we know it.

  2. Cindy F March 8, 2012 at 1:35 PM #

    Thank you for providing more information regarding Diabetes and periodontal disease. We have also included some information on our blog too. It’s great to know we are on the same page in the dental arena. Cindy F http://www.southernvistadental.com, http://southernvistadentalcare.blog.com/

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